1. The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme. It is an employment generation programme, implemented in consonance with the enforcement of the Section 4 of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005 (NREGA). The scheme is funded on the basis of 90:10 by the Government of India and State Government respectively.
2. Initially, the Government of India allotted one District for implementation of NREGA in the State. Accordingly, Mon District with its backward status was selected as Phase –I NREGA District for implementation of the scheme during 2005-2006. However, the actual implementation could start during 2006-07 only. Since 2008-09, all Districts in the State have been covered under NREGS through the GOI Notification.
Objective of the Scheme:
a. To provide 100 days of guaranteed employment in a financial year to every household in the rural areas notified by Central Government under section 3 (1) of the NREGA and whose adult members, by application, are willing to do unskilled manual works.
b. To create durable assets in rural areas.
c. To strengthen the livelihood resource base of rural poor and
d. Ultimately to enhance the livelihood security of the rural households.
Under the programme, the Govt. of India, through Notification have raised the unskilled wage from Rs. 118 per day per person to Rs.135/- which was further raised to Rs. 155 from the fiscal 2014-15 and . From 2015-16, the unskilled wage is fixed at Rs. 167 per day per person for the State of Nagaland. Un-skilled wages for the FY 2016-17 had been raised to Rs 172 per day per person and the unskilled wage for the FY 2017-18 is Rs. 177 per day per person and Rs.205 from financial year 2020-21. Men and Women will be paid equal wages under the scheme. A material cost component of projects including the wages of the skilled and semi-skilled workers involved under the scheme shall not exceed 40% of the total project cost.